‘Ancient writers viewed Atlantis as a fictional or metaphorical myth, others believed it to be real.
Human has always been curious about the other forms of life such as aliens or the ones beneath the earth in depths of water. And inspirations for finding these life forms comes from many sources and theories be it U.F.O sightings or mysterious photographs or the writings of ancient writers.
One such mystery is THE LOST UNDERWATER CITY OF ATLANTIS.
Atlantis was very first mentioned in Plato’s works Timeaus and Critias. In the story, Athens repels the Atlantean attack unlike any other nation of the known world, supposedly giving testament to the superiority of Plato’s concept of a state. the story concludes with Atlantis falling out of favour with the deities and submerging into the Atlantic ocean.
Despite its minor importance in Plato’s work, the Atlantis story has had a considerable impact on literature. In the 19th century, amateur scholars misinterpreted Plato’s narrative as historical traditions, most notably in Ignatius L.Donnelly’s Atlantis: The antediluvian world. Plato’s vague indications of the time of events more than 9000 years before his time and the alleged location of Atlantis “beyond the pillars of Hercules” has led to many pseudoscientific speculations. As a consequence, Atlantis has become a byword for any and all supposed advanced prehistoric lost civilization and continues to inspire contemporary fiction, from comic books to films.
While present-day philologists and classicists agree on the story’s fictional character, there is still debate on what served as its inspiration. As Plato is known to have freely borrowed some of is allegories and metaphors from older traditions. This led number of scholars to investigate possible inspirations of Atlantis.
And these investigations and researches led to multiple theories of the lost aquatic city being a truth rather than just a myth.
1. ATLANTIS WAS A MID-ATLANTIC CONTINENT THAT SUDDENLY SUNK INTO THE OCEAN
The idea that Atlantis was an actual historical place and not just a legend invented by Plato, didn’t surface until the late 19th century, in his 1882 book, “Atlantis, the Antediluvian World”,the writer Ignatius Donnelly argued the accomplishments of the ancient world like metallurgy, language, agriculture etc, must have been handed down by an earlier advanced civilization, as the ancients weren’t sophisticated enough to develop these advances on their own. Assuming the Atlantic ocean was only a hundred feet deep.
Donnelly described a continent flooded by shifting ocean waters that sank in the exact location Plato said it did: in the Atlantic ocean just outside the “pillars of Hercules,” the rocks that mark the entrance the straits of Gibraltar. Long after oceanography and a greater understanding of plate tectonics poked holes in his shifting waters thesis some continue to cling to Donnelly’s theory, mostly due to its adherence to Plato’s placement of Atlantis in the mid-Atlantic.
2. Atlantis was Antarctica.
Another theory–that Atlantis was actually a much more temperate version of what is now Antarctica–is based on the work of Charles Hapgood, whose 1958 book “Earth’s Shifting Crust” featured a foreword by Albert Einstein. According to Hapgood, around 12,000 years ago the Earth’s crust shifted, displacing the continent that became Antarctica from a location much further north than it is today.
This more temperate continent was home to an advanced civilization, but the sudden shift to its current frigid location doomed the civilization’s inhabitants–the Atlanteans–and their magnificent city was buried under layers of ice. Hapgood’s theory surfaced before the scientific world gained a full understanding of plate tectonics, which largely relegated his “shifting crust” idea to the fringes of Atlantean beliefs.
3. The story of Atlantis was a mythical retelling of the Black Sea Flood:-
This theory presumes Atlantis itself was fictional, but the story of its demise was inspired by an actual historical event: the breaching of the Bosporus by the Mediterranean Sea and subsequent flooding of the Black Sea, around 5600 B.C. At the time, the Black Sea was a freshwater lake half its current size. The flooding inundated civilizations known to flourish along its shore with hundreds of feet of seawater in a short period of time (perhaps less than a year). As inhabitants of the region scattered, they spread tales of the deluge and may have led–thousands of years later–to Plato’s account of Atlantis.
4. BERMUDA TRIANGLE SWALLOWED UP THE ATLANTIS
Inspired by Donnelly, many later writers expanded on his theories and added their own speculations as to where Atlantis may have been. One of these writers was Charles Berlitz, grandson of the founder of the well-known language schools, and author of many books on paranormal phenomena. In the 1970s, Berlitz claimed Atlantis was a real continent located off the Bahamas that had fallen victim to the notorious “Bermuda Triangle,” a region of the Atlantic where a number of ships had supposedly disappeared under mysterious circumstances.
Supporters of this theory point to the discovery of what looks like man-made walls and streets found off the coast of Bimini, although scientists have evaluated these structures and found them to be natural beach-rock formations.
5. Atlantis didn’t exist at all–Plato invented it.
Most historians and scientists throughout history have come to the conclusion that Plato’s account of the lost kingdom of Atlantis was fictional. According to this argument, the Greek philosopher invented Atlantis as his vision of an ideal civilization and intended the story of its demise to be a cautionary tale of the gods punishing human hubris.
No written records of Atlantis exist outside of Plato’s dialogues, including in any of the numerous other texts that survive from ancient Greece. Furthermore, despite modern advances in oceanography and ocean-floor mapping. the trace such sinken civilisation never found.
6. Atlantis is the story of the Minoan civilization, which flourished in the Greek islands circa 2500-1600 B.C.
One of the more recent Atlantean theories concerns the civilization that flourished on the Greek islands of Crete and Thera (now Santorini) more than 4,000 years ago: the Minoans, named for the legendary King Minos. Minoans were Europe’s first greatest civilisation. They constructed paved roads and were the first Europeans to use a written language. At the height of their power, however, the Minoans suddenly disappeared from history. an enduring mystery that has fueled belief in a link between this great, doomed civilization and Plato’s Atlantis.
Historians believe around 1600 B.C., a massive earthquake shook the volcanic island of Thera. triggering an eruption that spewed 10 million tons of rock, ash, and gas into the atmosphere. Tsunamis that followed the eruption were large enough to wipe out Minoan cities throughout the region, the devastation that may have made the Minoans vulnerable to invaders from the Greek mainland.